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‘Spanish-Moroccan Brotherhood’ and the Spanish Protectorate Debated

May 10, 2023From 10:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
Casa Árabe headquarters (at Calle Samuel de los Santos y Gener, 9). From 10:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. Free entry until the event’s capacity is reached.
In Spanish.

On Wednesday, May 10, Casa Árabe, with the cooperation of the University of Aberdeen, has organized this conference as part of the activities held to take a closer historical and cultural look at the "Exhibition of Moroccan Art: Cordoba, 1946".

As part of the project Exhibition of Moroccan Art: Cordoba, 1946, which began with the opening last March 4 of an exhibition by the same name, Casa Árabe, with the cooperation of the University of Aberdeen, has created a schedule of complementary activities with the goal of providing a holistic approach to this entire historical process.

One of these is the holding of the congress titled “Spanish-Moroccan Brotherhood and the Spanish Protectorate Debated: A historical-cultural approach to the exhibition of Moroccan Art (Cordoba, 1946), to be held on May 10 at Casa Árabe’s headquarters in Cordoba (at Calle Samuel de los Santos Gener, 9).

The purpose of this congress is to analyze the exhibition’s historical context, including its colonial aspects, the rise of Moroccan nationalism during the Protectorate, and the role of fine arts and music in legitimizing the colonial administration. The sessions will deal with the discourse of “Spanish-Moroccan brotherhood,” analyzing the socio-political relations between the Spanish colonial administration and Moroccan society, in a deeply complex and disfigured entity which, albeit sporadically, affected the daily lives of citizens on both shores.

Organized by: Marcos de la Fuente (Casa Árabe) Matthew Machin-Autenrieth (University of Aberdeen) Javier Rosón (Casa Árabe)

Photo: Zubillaga (1946) Moroccans with local children. In the middle are Muhammad Daoud and Abdeslam Alami Municipal Archives of Cordoba Collection. Víctor Escribano Ucelay (1905-1978).
‘Spanish-Moroccan Brotherhood’ and the Spanish Protectorate Debated
Photo: Zubillaga (1946). Municipal Archives of Cordoba Collection. Víctor Escribano Ucelay (1905-1978)

10:00 a.m. Congress opening event
Javier Rosón and Marcos de la Fuente (Casa Árabe)
Matthew Machin-Autenrieth (University of Aberdeen)
Luis Valdelomar (Architect)

11:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. Contextualizing the Spanish Protectorate: Between colonialism and Moroccan nationalism

11:00 a.m. - José Antonio González Alcantud (University of Granada) 1929 pavilion, troops from the Rif, craft exhibitions. a series on colonial contact in Seville, Cordoba and Granada (1929-1946)

11:30 a.m. - Eric Calderwood (University of Illinois) The art of colonialism

12:00 p.m. - Hasna Daoud (president of the M. Daoud Foundation for History and Culture) The image of Tetouan historian Mohamed Daoud and his role in the Moroccan nationalist movement on the path towards independence

12:30 p.m. - Debate

1:00 p.m. - Break

5:00 to 7:30 p.m. Exploring the Cordoba Exhibition of Moroccan Art in 1946

5:00 p.m. - Guillermo López Merino (University of Cordoba) Costumbrism in the image of heritage in Cordoba

5:30 p.m. - José Manuel Recio Espejo (“Nicolay Masyuk” Natural Classroom at the University of Cordoba) The landscape in northern Morocco according to painter M. Bertuchi and other traveling artists

6:00 p.m. - Amin Chachoo (musician and musicologist) The Andalusi Orchestra of Tetouan and the foundation of the Spanish-Moroccan Music Conservatory

6:30 p.m. - Debate

Eric Calderwood
Eric Calderwood is Professor of Comparative Literature and Arabic Studies at the University of Illinois, where he is also a professor in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese, the Department of History, and the Center for South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies. He received his PhD from Harvard University in 2011. His first book, Colonial al-Andalus, was published by Harvard University Press in 2018 and has been translated into Spanish with the title “Al Ándalus en Marruecos” (Almuzara, 2019). His second book, On Earth or in Poems: The Many Lives of al-Andalus, will be published by the Harvard University Press in May 2023.

Amin Chaachoo
Amin Chaachoo is a musician and musicologist from Tetouan, Morocco. With a degree in Andalusi Music from the Tetouan Music and Dance Conservatory, a degree in Hispanic Philology, a published work on Moorish “jarchas,” and a Master’s degree in French Philology, he completed his thesis on the Semiology of Andalusi Music. Amin is also a PhD candidate in Aesthetics of Andalusi Music, philosophy and metaphysics of the music of Al-Andalus, first violinist of the Tetouan Conservatory Orchestra (the city’s most important Andalusi music orchestra) and the founder and director of the Tetouan-Asmir Center for Musicology Research. He stands out as the author of several treatises on Andalusi music in several languages, having won the “Villa de Frigiliana” First Prize for Andalusi and Morisco Studies, for having brought back Andalusi musical theory.

Hasna Daoud
Hasna Daoud is a member of the Tetouan Council of the Ulema, president of the M. Daoud Foundation for History and Culture, and a member of several associations involved in social and cultural activities. A researcher, poet, writer in the historical, literary and social arenas, she has taken part in colloquiums and cultural events in Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Spain. Her most significant latest publications include Characteristics of Tetouan Society, Excerpts from Tetouan’s Folk Literature and the Memoirs of Mohamed Daoud. She has also carried out the editing for 12 tomes in The History of Tetouan, by Mohamed Daoud, as well as works like Book of Tetouan’s Proverbs, the Families of Tetouan, Attakmila and Morocco’s Coins Throughout One Century.

José Antonio González Alcantud
José Antonio González Alcantud is Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Granada and Corresponding Academician of the Royal Academy of Moral and Political Sciences of Spain. He has dedicated an important part of his work to analyze the Andalusian, Moroccan and Orientalist world in different facets, including the counter-cultural. Among his best known works we can point out: Lo moro. Las lógicas de la derrota y la formación del estereotipo islámico (Everything Moorish: The logics of defeat and formation of Islamic stereotypes, 2002); La fábrica de los estereotipos. Francia, nosotros y la europeidad (The Factory of Stereotypes: France, Us and Europeanness, 2006); Sísifo y la ciencia social. Variaciones de la antropología crítica (Sisyphus and Us: Variations on critical anthropology, 2008), Racismo elegante. De la teoría de las razas culturales a la invisibilidad del racismo cotidiano (Elegant Racism: From cultural race theory to the invisibility of everyday racism, 2011); El mito de al Ándalus (The Myth of Al-Andalus, 2014). Historia colonial de Marruecos, 1894-1961 (Colonial History of Morocco: 1894-1961, 2019) and Verdad, posverdad, suprarrealidad (Truth, Post-Truth and Supra-Reality, 2022). Amongst the collective works to which he has contributed, we would highlight: El Orientalismo desde el Sur (Orientalism from the South,2006); La Conferencia de Algeciras en 1906. Un banquete colonial (The Algeciras Conference in 1906: A colonial banquet, 2007); La Alhambra, lugar de la memoria y el diálogo (The Alhambra, a Place of Memory and Dialogue, 2008), Europa y la contracultura (Europe and Counterculture, 2020) and Nuevos iberismos (New Iberianisms, 2022).

Guillermo L. López Merino
Holder of a bachelor’s degree in Art History from the University of Cordoba, and a Master’s degree in Archeology from the University of Seville, since 2020 López Merino has been a member of the Sísifo Research Group belonging to the the Archeology Department at the University of Cordoba. A PhD candidate since that same year, his thesis directors are Prof. Dr. Desiderio Vaquerizo Gil and Prof. Dr. Ana Ruiz Osuna. His field of work is architectural restoration, with a special emphasis on interventions of historicist nature, carried out mainly in the nineteenth century and under the Franco dictatorship. He has had several articles published on this topic to date.

José Manuel Recio Espejo
 José Manuel Recio Espejo is a professor at the University of Cordoba, winner of the National Environment Award of 1986, a member of the Royal Academy of Cordoba and a member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. He performs research on the natural environment of northern Morocco, which has taken form in a doctoral thesis and several scientific publications in domestic and foreign journals. He is the director responsible for several projects subsidized by the AECI which gave support to the research carried out, and has also authored several articles on Spanish-Moroccan culture, in relation with nineteenth-century travelers in that country, especially painters Mariano Bertuchi and José Cruz Herrera, with pictorial exhibitions organized through the “Nicolay Masyuk” Classroom at the rectorate of the University of Cordoba and on that same city’s Provincial Council. Luis Valdelomar Escribano Luis Valdelomar Escribano earned his bachelor’s degree degree in Architecture from the University of Navarre. A manager of Urban Planning for Cordoba from 2019 to 2022, he was a member of the drafting team which reviewed the General Urban Development Plan of Cordoba (PGOU) from 1996 to 2000. He headed the technical office of the Urban Planning Department’s Planning Service.

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