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Aula Árabe 3.17. Quo Vadis, Lebanon?

Published at 46 30,,, 22 2022
Next Tuesday, April 5, this conference will be held at Casa Árabe’s headquarters in Madrid and on our YouTube channel (in Spanish and English). It will be given by Karim Bitar, a researcher at the Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques and is taking part within the framework of the Aula Árabe Universitaria program. Going from bad to worse, Lebanon has been plunged into one crisis after another since 2020: from the financial sector, due to major depreciation by the Lebanese pound and hyperinflation, to the weakened humanitarian aid sector. Added to the ravages of the COVID-19 pandemic was the devastating explosion in the port of Beirut, which killed 250 people and wiped out important port infrastructures. With the current war in Ukraine, the wheat imports on which the Lebanese depend to survive will most likely lead to a rise in hunger rates. Over half of the country has fallen below the poverty line, and 20% live in extreme poverty. The parliamentary elections to be held on May 15, 2022 are viewed as anopportunity to respond to the year 2019 protests, which demanded an end to ruleby the political elites who have run the country since the end of the civil war andsunk it into the current state of crisis. Despite the people’s protests, however, thereligious party-based regime has resisted yielding power and continues its fight toremain in place. Observers warn of high levels of corruption and manipulation in an atmosphere of chaos and illegitimacy, exacerbated by international pressures not to postpone the election. Within this context, the likelihood of a post-election debacle resulting in major difficulties is very high. This session of Aula Árabe Universitaria is being held with the cooperation of the Master’s degree program in Political Science and Public Affairs at Saint Louis University’s Madrid campus. The event will be presented by Barah Mikaïl, director of the Political Science and International Relations program at Saint Louis University, and moderated by Karim Hauser, Casa Árabe’s International Relations Coordinator. Karim Bitar is a researcher at the Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques (IRIS) in Paris and editor of the French monthly magazine L’ENA hors les murs. He is an associate member of the Geneva Center for Security Policy (GCSP) and an associate researcher at the Institut Medea in Brussels. He is a professor of International Relations and History of Political Thought at several universities. He also frequently testifies before the Foreign Affairs Committees of the French and European Parliaments. He has authored various chapters and articles in Le Monde diplomatique, Libération, Le Monde, Informed Comment, Atlantico, La Vanguardia, An Nahar, L’Orient-Le Jour, etc., as well as editing and co-writing the collective book Regards sur la France, in which 30 personages from around the world analyze France’s strengths and weaknesses. Foto: Gregor Enste ( Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung en Flickr)

ALL VIDEOS IN THIS CATEGORY

  • The Geopolitics of GasShow video

    The Geopolitics of Gas

    On Monday 13 June in Madrid, energy experts Carole Nakhle, Executive Director of Crystol Energy, and Gonzalo Escribano, researcher at the Real Instituto Elcano, will analyse the geopolitical challenges of gas and other hydrocarbons in the face of the crisis caused by the war in Ukraine. The war in Ukraine, which began in spring 2022, has had a number of consequences for the population worldwide; in addition to the shortage of wheat and sunflower oil, there is also a pressing gas supply. According to Eurostat data, gas consumption in Europe is mainly divided between 46% Russian, 20% Norwegian, 11% Algerian and 5% Qatari. Although not all EU members are equally vulnerable to Moscow, the European bloc's energy stability is threatened by European sanctions against Russia and retaliation by Vladimir Putin's regime. The search for alternatives to deal with energy shortages has become a generalised race to the bottom, as weaning dependence on Russia is a complex and expensive process. Some of the alternatives being considered directly involve countries in North Africa or the Gulf. One option is to increase the supply of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), with Qatar being the main supplier to Europe, followed by the United States, Nigeria and Algeria. Another possibility would be to diversify supply by combining gas production from Saudi Arabia, Norway, Australia and Azerbaijan. Closer to Spain is the Algerian alternative, the third largest gas supplier to the European Union and of enormous importance for the countries of southern Europe. However, due to the political instability in that country, as well as its Libyan neighbour, where the conflict has been ongoing since 2011, there are risks to supply that are causing volatility and nervousness in the markets. At this meeting at Casa Árabe, Carole Nakhle will be accompanied by Gonzalo Escribano, Director of the Energy and Climate Change Programme at the Elcano Royal Institute. It will be moderated by Karim Hauser, Casa Árabe's International Relations Coordinator. Carole Nakhle is founder and executive director of Crystol Energy. She is a specialist in politics, finance, market development, governance, energy taxation, fiscal regimes and geopolitics. She is an advisor to the Washington-based International Tax and Investment Centre and a leading energy expert with Geopolitical Intelligence Services. She also participates in the OECD Policy Dialogue on Resource-Based Development. In 2007, she founded the non-profit organisation Acces for Women in Energy. In 2017, she received the Honorary Professional Recognition Award from the Tunisian Minister of Energy, Mines and Renewable Energy. And in 2021 she was selected CEO of the Year in the UK by CEO Monthly magazine. Her publications include numerous articles and reports, as well as two books: Petroleum Taxation: Sharing the Wealth, and Out of the Energy Labyrinth, the latter co-authored with former UK Secretary of State for Energy Lord David Howell. Gonzalo Escribano is Director of the Energy and Climate Change Programme at the Elcano Royal Institute and Professor of Economic Policy in the Department of Applied Economics at the UNED. His research interests include international energy issues, the external dimension of both Spanish and European energy policy, energy geopolitics, energy security and renewable energies, among others. Escribano holds a PhD in Economics and Business Administration and has been a visiting researcher at Florida State University and the Autonomous University of Madrid, as well as at the Spanish Centre for International Relations of the Ortega y Gasset Foundation. His publications include Energy Security for the EU in the 21st Century. Markets, Geopolitics and Corridors and several articles in international academic journals such as Energy Policy, European Journal of Political Economy and Global Policy. Photo: Kees Torn on Flickr
    Published at 18 06,,, 22 2022
  • Aula Árabe 3.17. Quo Vadis, Lebanon?Show video

    Aula Árabe 3.17. Quo Vadis, Lebanon?

    Next Tuesday, April 5, this conference will be held at Casa Árabe’s headquarters in Madrid and on our YouTube channel (in Spanish and English). It will be given by Karim Bitar, a researcher at the Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques and is taking part within the framework of the Aula Árabe Universitaria program. Going from bad to worse, Lebanon has been plunged into one crisis after another since 2020: from the financial sector, due to major depreciation by the Lebanese pound and hyperinflation, to the weakened humanitarian aid sector. Added to the ravages of the COVID-19 pandemic was the devastating explosion in the port of Beirut, which killed 250 people and wiped out important port infrastructures. With the current war in Ukraine, the wheat imports on which the Lebanese depend to survive will most likely lead to a rise in hunger rates. Over half of the country has fallen below the poverty line, and 20% live in extreme poverty. The parliamentary elections to be held on May 15, 2022 are viewed as anopportunity to respond to the year 2019 protests, which demanded an end to ruleby the political elites who have run the country since the end of the civil war andsunk it into the current state of crisis. Despite the people’s protests, however, thereligious party-based regime has resisted yielding power and continues its fight toremain in place. Observers warn of high levels of corruption and manipulation in an atmosphere of chaos and illegitimacy, exacerbated by international pressures not to postpone the election. Within this context, the likelihood of a post-election debacle resulting in major difficulties is very high. This session of Aula Árabe Universitaria is being held with the cooperation of the Master’s degree program in Political Science and Public Affairs at Saint Louis University’s Madrid campus. The event will be presented by Barah Mikaïl, director of the Political Science and International Relations program at Saint Louis University, and moderated by Karim Hauser, Casa Árabe’s International Relations Coordinator. Karim Bitar is a researcher at the Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques (IRIS) in Paris and editor of the French monthly magazine L’ENA hors les murs. He is an associate member of the Geneva Center for Security Policy (GCSP) and an associate researcher at the Institut Medea in Brussels. He is a professor of International Relations and History of Political Thought at several universities. He also frequently testifies before the Foreign Affairs Committees of the French and European Parliaments. He has authored various chapters and articles in Le Monde diplomatique, Libération, Le Monde, Informed Comment, Atlantico, La Vanguardia, An Nahar, L’Orient-Le Jour, etc., as well as editing and co-writing the collective book Regards sur la France, in which 30 personages from around the world analyze France’s strengths and weaknesses. Foto: Gregor Enste ( Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung en Flickr)
    Published at 46 30,,, 22 2022
  • Aula Árabe 3.16. Post-Petroleum Museum and soft power, between crisis and “second life”Show video

    Aula Árabe 3.16. Post-Petroleum Museum and soft power, between crisis and “second life”

    On Monday 28 March, the sixteenth conference of the Aula Árabe Universitaria programme will take place in Madrid, given by the art curator Morad Montazami. The session will also be available on Casa Árabe's Youtube channel in Spanish and English. After the invasion of Iraq by the United States and its allies, the National Museum of Iraq was looted in 2003. In the ensuing chaos, over fifteen thousand items were stolen from Baghdad's collections of ancient artefacts, not even counting pieces pilfered from archaeological sites in the vicinity. 16 years after the theft, more than half the loot has since been tracked down, recovered and returned to the museum's collection, where the items can now be viewed by the Iraqi public. The first photographs of the damage show Iraq's pre-Islamic cosmopolitan heritage (Sumerian, Assyrian, Babylonian etc.) reduced to dust and ashes. In enlightening contrast, the “digitized” version of Mesopotamia and pre-Islamic arts at the Louvre Abu Dhabi represents a reenacting mirror of that archaeological heritage. Crossing the looks of archaeologists, 3D engineers, as well as the customs agents who contributed in recovering the objects, how can we account for soft power museums and nomadic collections in this critical context ? The curator, editor and art historian Morad Montazami will be giving this conference, organised by Casa Árabe in collaboration with the Degree in History of Art and the Master's Degree in History of Spanish Art, UCM. Presented by Susana Calvo, lecturer in History of Art at the university. Moderated by Nuria Medina, Casa Árabe's Cultural Programmes Coordinator. Morad Montazami is an art historian, a publisher and a curator. As director of the platform Zamân Books & Curating, he is committed to transnational studies of Arab, Asian and African modernities. He published several essays on artists such as Zineb Sedira, Walid Raad, Latif al-Ani, Bahman Mohassess, Michael Rakowitz, Éric Baudelaire... He was a curator for Bagdad Mon Amour, Institut des cultures d’Islam, Paris, 2018; New Waves: Mohamed Melehi and the Casablanca Art School, The Mosaic Rooms, London; MACAAL, Marrakech; Alserkal Foundation, Dubai, 2019-2020; Monaco-Alexandria. The Great Detour. World-Capitals and Cosmopolitan Surrealism, Nouveau Musée National de Monaco, 2022. Photo: Joanne Farchakh-Bajjaly, National Museum of Iraq, Baghdad: the looted museum, 2003. Copyright JFB Further information: https://en.casaarabe.es/event/post-petroleum-museum-and-soft-power-between-crisis-and-“second-life”-from-the-iraqi-national-museum-of-baghdad-to-the-louvre-abu-dhabi Credits for the images shown in the presentation: Alessandro Balteo-Yazbeckin collaboration withMedia Farzin.Detailof Alexander Calder’sperformingmobile Orange Fish (1946) atthe TehranMuseum of ContemporaryArt, 2008. Fromthe series‘Cultural Diplomacy: An Art WeNeglect’ (detail), 2007–09. Photo:Ehsan Behmanesh.CourtesyofGalerie Martin Janda, Vienna Collection Petite Planète, éd. Seuil, numéro Iran, 1957 Design graphique et concept de Chris Marker M. Nakhai, Le Pétrole en Iran, éd. Félix, 1938 Anonymes, Faculté des Beaux-arts de l’Université de Téhéran occupé par les groupes étudiants marxistes, 1970-1980 modernité Musée de la Défense sacrée, Téhéran, 2014, Photo Sajed Avini Musée de la Défense sacrée, Téhéran, 2014, Photo Sajed Avini Joanne Farchakh-Bajjaly, Pillages du Musée de Bagdad, 2003 Catalogue du Musée de Bagdad, Département des antiquités, 1975-1976 Catalogue du Musée de Bagdad, Département des antiquités, 1975-1976 (salle centrale) LostTreasuresfromIraq database, Universityof Chicago, Oriental Institute, 2003-2008 Vues d’exposition Bagdad mon amour, Institut des cultures d’Islam, Paris, 2018 LatifAl Ani (Irak), HatjeCantz, 2017 LatifAl Ani, publié dans Iraq Petroleum, années 1970 LatifAl Ani (Irak), HatjeCantz, 2017 Mohamed Melehi, Biennale de Bagdad, 1974 JilaDejam, TehranMuseum of ContemporaryArt, Iran, 1977-1979 Louvre Abu Dhabi, Emirats Arabes Unis, 2017- Manifestation contrele mal logementdevantle muséedu Louvre, Paris, 2019
    Published at 59 22,,, 22 2022
  • Aula Árabe 3.15. Skin in the Game: Being a local Middle Eastern woman journalistShow video

    Aula Árabe 3.15. Skin in the Game: Being a local Middle Eastern woman journalist

    On Monday, March 14, we will be hosting a new session of the Aula Árabe Universitaria program at Casa Árabe’s headquarters, to be given by Syrian journalist Zaina Erhaim. The activity, which forms part of Casa Árabe’s Women’s Week, can be watched live on YouTube. Being a freelance journalist in the Middle East and North Africa is a dangerous job,especially when considering the degree of impunity that exists in the region. But being a woman adds several layers of difficulty and many challenges more, including sexism, gender stereotyping and sexual harassment. Female journalists who report on their communities’ issues to the international media cannot escape these challenges or the domestic discrimination they face at home; they must also deal with the post-colonial bias shown by their colleagues and the Western media. Through the experience of Syrian journalist Zeina Erhaim, the issues that hinder the careers and lifelong growth of women journalists in the MENA region will be addressed. The event has been organized with the cooperation of the Dual Bachelor’s Degree in Journalism and Humanities at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and forms part of the program Aula Árabe Universitaria, as well as the activities forming part of Women’s Week at Casa Árabe. Presented by Leila Nachawati, a professor of Communication at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. The event will be moderated by Karim Hauser, Casa Árabe’s International Relations Coordinator. Zaina Erhaim is an award-winning Syrian journalist who works as a communications and gender expert with some international organizations in the Middle East and North Africa region. She contributed to three books about journalism and women, including Our Women on the Ground. She worked with the IWPR (Institute for War & Peace Reporting ) as a communications manager for eight years. Prior to that, she was a journalist for the BBC. She writes for different media outlets, such as Newslines Magazines, Open Democracy and Al Modon, as well as others. Erhaim holds a Master’s degree in International Journalism from the City University of London. Photo: Zaina Erhaim Más información: https://en.casaarabe.es/event/worked-to-the-bone-being-an-arab-woman-journalist-in-the-middle-east
    Published at 09 10,,, 22 2022
  • Mémoire et actualité de l'art en MauritanieShow video

    Mémoire et actualité de l'art en Mauritanie

    À l'occasion de l'ouverture de l'exposition "Mémoires en mouvement. Art contemporain de Mauritanie", nous organisons cette table ronde avec quatre des artistes participant à l'exposition. Malgré la proximité géographique et les liens historiques et culturels étroits entre l'Espagne et la Mauritanie, la réalité de ce pays, qui appartient à la fois à la sphère culturelle arabe et africaine, est peu connue en Espagne et en Europe. Les possibilités de connaître le travail des artistes de ce pays sahélien ont également été très limitées. Pour combler ce manque de connaissances, Casa Árabe et Casa África organisent conjointement l'exposition "Mémoires en mouvement", qui présente les œuvres de onze artistes dans les domaines de l'huile, de la photographie, de la sculpture et de l'installation. Nous accompagnerons l'ouverture d'une table ronde au cours de laquelle nous analyserons le rôle des artistes et des producteurs culturels en Mauritanie et discuterons de questions transversales pour les créateurs de la région, telles que : quels sont les problèmes les plus importants affectant les institutions culturelles et les artistes ? Comment le pays réagit-il à l'intérêt apparemment croissant pour la création en dehors du contexte de l'Atlantique Nord ? Comment les changements technologiques et la connexion mondiale sont-ils déterminants pour la communauté des artistes en Mauritanie ? Comment les artistes et les producteurs culturels se rattachent-ils à la tradition et à la mémoire de leurs cultures ? parmi d'autres questions. La conversation fut menée par la commissaire de l'exposition, Aicha Janeiro, avec la participation des quatre artistes présents à Madrid pour le vernissage de l'exposition : Oumar Ball, créateur d'un univers animal et végétal fantastique à travers des métaux recyclés qui lui vaut le premier prix de la Biennale de sculpture de Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) en 2021 ; Malika Diagana, photographe d'origine sénégalaise qui explore depuis deux ans le " Silence de l'humanité " dans son projet photographique en noir et blanc ; Béchir Malum, une artiste du Liberia dont le travail s'inspire des vicissitudes de la condition humaine, de l'impact du changement climatique et des processus migratoires ; et Amy Sow, une artiste multidisciplinaire et "artiviste" qui, par le biais du centre culturel qu'elle a créé, "Arte Gallé", promeut une multitude d'initiatives communautaires visant à sensibiliser, entre autres, à la lutte contre la violence envers les femmes. Photo: Daouda Corera, de sa série "Everyday Nouakchott" Plus d'infos (en Anglais): https://en.casaarabe.es/event/memory-and-the-current-state-of-art-in-mauritania
    Published at 05 02,,, 22 2022